Are nationalities in Spanish capitalized?

Hispanic in Spanish is “hispano”. And it goes in lower case.
Different language, different rules!

In Spanish we write nationalities and cultural backgrounds in lower case. Same rule applies to Mexican, Spaniard, Puerto Rican, Cuban—to any nationality.

Some nationalities:

Mexican
mexicano

Spaniard
español

Puerto Rican
puertorriqueño

Cuban
cubano

American
estadounidense
americano

Canadian
canadiense

Costa Rican
costarricense
costarriqueño

In Spanish, “americanos” also refers to people from the Americas (North, Central and South America.) This is the reason why it is recommended to use “estadounidense” when translating “American”. But according to the Real Academia Española Dictionary, “americano” also means “American”. If you use “americano” to write “American” in Spanish, you are not breaking any rules.

Now, let’s see some examples:

I like Mexican food.
Me gusta la comida mexicana.

There are many American brands in Mexico.
Hay muchas marcas estadounidenses en Mexico.

She is Canadian.
Ella es canadiense.

Californios were born in Alta California between 1769 and 1848.
Los californios nacieron en Alta California entre 1769 y 1848.

Tip

Nationalities and cultural backgrounds in Spanish are not capitalized. They should be written in lower case.

If you have a question about the nationality or cultural background you want to write in Spanish, let me know below.

Referencia: https://fundeu.do/gentilicios-en-minusculas/

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